Gatewalking in the Necronomicon: Is It Authentic?, Part 2

Now that I’ve posed the question as to the authenticity of Necronomicon gatewalking in terms of the ancient Mesopotamians, it’s time to move toward an answer.

My research skills have gotten better over the years, and one surprising find I made recently was Wayne Horowitz’s Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography, published in 1998 by Eisenbrauns.  I highly recommend this work on the cosmology of the Mesopotamians, with new translations of key texts describing the worldview of these ancient civilizations.

What makes Horowitz’s book so useful for our purposes is its devotion of an entire chapter to a possible seven-layered Mesopotamian heaven and earth.  A key passage:

A tradition of seven heavens and seven earths was popular in the Near East during the later part of the first millennium B.C.E. and the first millennium C.E. …. There is, however, no evidence to prove a direct connection between these later Hebrew and Arabic cosmographies and a possible Sumerian tradition of seven heavens and earths.

In the rest of the book, Horowitz does an excellent job, by examining such classic works as the Enuma Elish and the Myth of Etana, of showing the various visions of the Mesopotamian cosmos.  These often vary in some particulars, but all of them contradict the vision of a cosmos with seven layers.

So, where might this cosmology be found?  We’ll look at that next time.

Published in: on March 9, 2009 at 11:34 pm  Comments (6)  

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6 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. That is a good book. I know in Chapter Nine Horowitz makes the following observation on page 206:

    “A number of Sumerian incantations may preserve a Sumerian cosmographic tradition of seven heavens (an) and seven earths (ki) that can be compared to the three heavens and earths of the Akkadian mystical text KAR 307 30-38…,It is not clear, however, from the context of these incantations how the phrases with an and ki are to be understood . It is possible that these phrases refer to seven superimposed levels of heaven and earth that are invoked to rid the supplicant of disease..”

    Interestingly on page 217 Horowitz continues:

    “Despite the absence of direct evidence for seven superimposed heavens and earths in Sumerian and Akkadian texts, indirect evidence for understanding an7 ki7 an7 bi ki7 bi and as allusions to 14 cosmic regions is available.”

    We should also keep in mind that Dan Harms using “one” resource does not substantiate any hard evidence that GateWalking is not authentic. Especially when that resource is Dr. Wayne Horowitz is a Lecturer in the Rothberg School for Overseas Students and the Department of Assyriology at the Hebrew University. I guess it is safe to say that his religious views will in no way over shadow his report and uncertainty in his approach, which is clearly evident in his book. This is a good source of information: Hebrew University is the same Institute that had made the following headlines:

    This is the same University that Wayne Horowitz gets his degree from? I am happy that you believe that your research has improved. Find out the real story here:

    Get some rest my friend*

    The Dark Knight

    • I will address your comments in a later post. Have you posted my earlier comment from your queue on the discussion of Asag?

  2. I posted your comment. I only received one from you. If there was another you sent please re-send or send me a note. Usually I get a headzup because your wordpress member.

    Be Well

  3. […] in the Necronomicon: Is It Authentic?, Part 3 Continuing our series on the Simon Necronomicon’s Gatewalking procedure, we were searching for a corresponding […]

  4. […] in the Necronomicon: Is It Authentic?, Part 4 In our three part essay, we looked at evidence that suggests that gatewalking might not be an authentic Sumerian […]

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